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15 Aug

Bell’s Palsy

What is Bell’s Palsy? Bell’s Palsy is an idiopathic disorder that causes sudden, temporary weakness or loss of movement on one side of the face. While rare, it occasionally may affect both sides of the face [1]. In some cases, it might affect the taste sensation at the front two-thirds of the tongue [2]. The […]

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17 Jul

Parkinson’s Disease

What is Parkinson’s Disease? Parkinson Disease (PD) is a progressive movement disorder that can affect people aged 50 years and above, with 32 cases occurring per 100,000 people [1]. The cause of PD is unclear, but the result is a slow but continuous degeneration of an area of the brain (the Substantia Nigra) that releases […]

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04 May

Aerobic and resistance exercise combined drastically improves brain health

The Brain, Aerobic, and Resistance Exercise A comprehensive review of recent research which was published by the British Journal of Sports Medicine (BJSM) found that a combination of aerobic and resistance exercise significantly improves brain health in adults over 50 years, irrespective of the current brain health status of the individual. Aerobic exercise was found to be beneficial […]

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22 Apr

Walking and Jogging Strengthens the Discs in our Backs

Prevention of Back Pain Back pain is a problem of significant proportions which we face today, with about 12% of the world’s population having experienced back pain lasting for more than 1 day, and about 23% for more than 1 month [1]. With such significant numbers, rehabilitation for back pain is arguably one of the […]

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15 Apr

Low back pain and sciatica: summary of NICE recommendations

The BMJ has published an infographic giving a brief overview of updated National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommendations for the assessment and management of low back pain and sciatica [1]. Accompanying a neat summary of the NICE recommendations, this infographic illustrates the pathway that a person with low back pain will undertake when […]

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12 Apr

Tiger Says: Stay in shape, folks

Strength and conditioning is important to up your golf game. That’s what athlete and world’s top golfer, Tiger Woods, believes. Poon Kok Hoong was featured in an article about the importance of golf in exercise, where he recommends a sequence of 5 exercises to improve balance, core and hip strength and flexibility. These exercises can […]

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07 Apr

Neck Pain: Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD)

Whiplash and Whiplash Associated Disorder A whiplash injury is often caused by traumatic sports injuries, falls, or motor vehicle accidents, when a back-and-forth movement of the neck occurs forcefully and rapidly. It is defined as an acceleration-deceleration mechanism of energy transfer to the neck and head. [1] This high impact force may cause bony or […]

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07 Apr

Neurophysiology of pain

Pain is an emotional experience that everyone would encounter in life. Unlike parameters such as body temperature and heart rate, pain is an abstract concept that cannot be objectively measured; it is greatly influenced by factors such as age, gender, preexisting medical conditions, social and cultural norms (Strong et al, 2002, p. 4). For instance […]

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07 Apr

Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD)

It is a condition that causes pain in one’s jaw, especially during orofacial activities such as chewing, swallowing, speaking and facial expression. It is most commonly being characterized as dull aching, pulling pain or feeling of stiffness. TMD pain is more common in women than men, mainly due to female reproductive hormones – oestrogen. [1] […]

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07 Apr

Subacromial bursitis

Bursa is a thin, lubricated cushion wedged between two surfaces to prevent friction between bone and surrounding soft tissues. The bursa sac is surrounded by synovial membrane that consist of synovial fluid. This synovial membrane is semi-permeable, that allows temporary blood flow to the bursa when injury occurs. Bursitis occurs when the synovial membrane of […]

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