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01 Apr

Physiotherapy 101 : De Quervain’s Syndrome(Tenosynovitis)

Introduction  De Quervain’s syndrome is when the tendons (rope-like structures that attach muscles to bone) along the base of the thumb and side of the wrist become irritated or constricted. Reproduced from: Griffin LY (ed): Essentials of Musculoskeletal Care, 3rd Edition. Rosemont, IL. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2005. This may result in inflammation, resulting in swelling, pain, and tenderness.  These symptoms […]

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23 Feb

Physiotherapy 101 : Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)

Introduction Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a painful condition in the hand and occurs when the median nerve becomes compressed in an area of the wrist, known as the carpal tunnel. The carpal tunnel is a passageway between the wrist and the hand is about an inch wide.  The median nerve provides feeling to the thumb and all fingers except the pinky finger. It […]

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23 Feb

Physiotherapy 101 : Golfer’s Elbow

Introduction Golfer’s elbow or medial (inner) epicondylitis is a condition of inner elbow pain. It is similar to tennis elbow but occurs less frequently than tennis elbow. However, these two conditions are not limited to only golfers or tennis players. This condition is mainly caused by stress overload on the tendons of the forearm muscles which control the wrist. These tendons attach to the […]

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05 Feb

Physiotherapy 101 : Frozen Shoulder

Introduction Frozen shoulder is an initially inflammatory condition where the shoulder joint appears to become restricted, making it hard to move through full ranges of movement. These limitations are often accompanied by pain at first.   The shoulder joint is supported by a strong lining called a joint capsule, which helps to keep the joint […]

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05 Feb

Physiotherapy 101 : Unstable Shoulder

Introduction The shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint, where the head of the humerus (upper arm bone) and glenoid (socket) of the scapula (shoulder blade)  join together. It is kept in place by groups of ligaments and muscles for stability.  The shoulder joint has good mobility in all directions, but this makes the joint vulnerable to instability issues. Shoulder instability arises when the tissues […]

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05 Feb

Physiotherapy 101 : Rotator Cuff Injury

Introduction The rotator cuff consists of 4 muscles (Fig. 1) that come from the shoulder blade to cross over the humerus (upper arm bone) via their tendons (rope-like structures that attach muscles to bone). These muscles help stabilize and align the shoulder joint during movement. If either of the muscles or its tendon is stressed or […]

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04 Feb

Physiotherapy 101: Tennis Elbow

Introduction Tennis elbow or lateral (outer) epicondylitis is an overuse injury to the forearm muscle tendons (rope-like structures that attach muscles to bone).   Symptoms The tendon of the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) muscle is most commonly affected. It is located at the outer elbow near to the bony prominence. The pain may radiate […]

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15 Aug

Bell’s Palsy

What is Bell’s Palsy? Bell’s Palsy is an idiopathic disorder that causes sudden, temporary weakness or loss of movement on one side of the face. While rare, it occasionally may affect both sides of the face [1]. In some cases, it might affect the taste sensation at the front two-thirds of the tongue [2]. The […]

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17 Jul

Parkinson’s Disease

What is Parkinson’s Disease? Parkinson Disease (PD) is a progressive movement disorder that can affect people aged 50 years and above, with 32 cases occurring per 100,000 people [1]. The cause of PD is unclear, but the result is a slow but continuous degeneration of an area of the brain (the Substantia Nigra) that releases […]

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04 May

Aerobic and resistance exercise combined drastically improves brain health

The Brain, Aerobic, and Resistance Exercise A comprehensive review of recent research which was published by the British Journal of Sports Medicine (BJSM) found that a combination of aerobic and resistance exercise significantly improves brain health in adults over 50 years, irrespective of the current brain health status of the individual. Aerobic exercise was found to be beneficial […]

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